Rug Types

TUFTED RUGS

Tufted rugs are created without knots. Instead, loops of yarn are pulled through the rug’s backing material using a machine or a hand-held tool. The loops are then sheared to create a smooth cut-pile surface. Since less work is involved than in the construction of a hand-knotted rug, even the highest-quality tufted rugs can be produced relatively quickly and inexpensively. One thing to note: Tufted rugs shed more than other rugs and may require more-frequent vacuuming.

Best for: Family rooms, bedrooms, or living rooms

FLAT-WEAVES

Flat-weaves do not have a pile, because they are woven on a loom. Flat-woven rugs are made by hand or machine by weaving vertical yarns (warps) through the horizontal yarns (wefts). Because they are not woven onto a backing, the rugs are reversible.

Best for: High-traffic rooms and spill-prone areas like the kitchen, playroom, or entryway

HAND-KNOTTED RUGS

This is the most labor-intensive rug-making technique. Weavers tie individual knots to the warp yarns that make up the length of the rug. These knots form the surface, or pile, of the rug. Because they are crafted by artisans, no two hand-knotted rugs are exactly alike.

Best for: Formal gathering spaces like the living room or great room

HANDLOOM

Those carpets which are woven with keeping the warp and the weft as a prime focus of weaving. Such the game of warp and weft do not show a carpet pile. It is a unique style of weaving craftsmanship.

HAND-WOVEN

Those rugs woven either on the hand, or hand and foot power-loom. To determine if the rug is hand-woven, look at the back of rug near the fringe, if the ridges run parallel, the rug is hand-woven.

MACHINE WOVEN

Machine made rugs are made by large machines called power looms. A power loom is electrically automated and controlled by computers. Machine made rugs can be made quickly and are manufactured with materials including wool and synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, polyester, acrylic and art silk.